Thrush: Detection and Management in Community Pharmacy

Vaginal thrush is scientifically known as Candida albicans also more commonly known a yeast infection. If you don’t suffer from thrush then that’s great but if you ever do in the future hopefully this article will help you and for those of who are suffering from this article is going to help you. Apparently, it is caused by the overgrowth of a type of yeast called Candida. This yeast is normally found in small amounts in the human body so we all have it but certain medicines and health problems can cause more yeast to grow.

Vaginal Thrush Symptoms

The following are some of the symptoms you may experience if you develop vaginal thrush:

  • The vaginal discomfort that may cause an itching or burning sensation
  • A thick white discharge with a yeasty smell and ‘cottage cheese’ appearance
  • Swelling or redness of the vulva or vagina
  • Burning or stinging like sensation while urinating
  • Splits in the genital skin

Diagnosis of Vaginal Thrush

In order to make a diagnosis of vaginal thrush, your medical practitioner will need to take a detailed history of the symptoms, examine the genitals, and take a swab from the affected region.

Vaginal Thrush Treatment

The treatment of vaginal thrush is usually aimed at reducing the number of yeasts so they can no longer cause any symptoms. The following are some of the options available for treatment without a script:

Vaginal Pessaries or Antifungal Creams

This can be introduced into the vagina with the aid of a special applicator. This should be used for one to six days depending on the instructions. It is important to note that repeated topical treatments applied to the skin may occasionally lead to the irritation of the skin.

Oral Tablets

These are also referred to as fluconazole and they are meant to be swallowed. Usually, this form of treatment is more expensive than the other options. This is not recommended for pregnant women, so if you are pregnant or on medications, consult with a pharmacist or a doctor before taking this oral tablet. There are times symptoms last for just a short period, for instance, the week before your period. In this case, treatment is not necessary. Read more.

How to Prevent Vaginal Thrush

Here are some tips that can help you to prevent vaginal thrush.

  • Avoid the use of soap on your genitals. You can use a substitute for soap.
  • Ensure you wipe your bottom from front to back after going to the toilet. This can help to prevent the spread of Candida albicans from the anus to the vagina.
  • Avoid wearing synthetic underwears and tight-fitting pants
  • Avoid the use of perfumed menstrual products and toilet papers

In the event of repeated episodes of vaginal thrush, it is recommended that you see your medical practitioner so as to confirm if what you really have is a yeast infection and not an STI. Your medical practitioner can help to check for the presence of other skin conditions that may also have symptoms that are similar and exclude some other conditions that may result in thrush like diabetes.